An International Symposium
"SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE 1918-1995"
Publisher: Croatian Heritage Foundation
& Croatian Information Centre
For the Publisher: Ante Beljo
Expert Counsellor: Dr. sc. Dragutin Pavlicevic
Editor: Aleksander Ravlic
Graphic Design: Gorana Benic - Hudin
Printed by: TARGA
Copies Printed: 2000
Dr. Ante Sekulic
retired university professor
10 000 ZAGREB-CROATIA
SERBIANISM IN PODUNAVLJE(THE DANUBE REGION ) 1918-1995
The Serbian penetration of the central European territory over the Danube must be
discussed as the issue here is the exaggerated desire of the Byzantine-Orthodox groups
from Belgrade to place themselves on the soil of the native western and central European
community. We are not talking about the Orthodox group which took refuge in Podunavlje
areas in 1690, under the leadership of the religious head, patriarch Arsenije Crnojevic
(Carnojevic) with the permission of the Viennese court. Descendants of the settlers
remained inhabitants of Backa, Baranja, Srijem, and parts of Banat were referred to
as "native Srblji". When considering the social , economic and cultural Serbian
tyranny since 1918, in Backa, Baranja and Srijem, and Podunavlje, it is necessary to
differentiate the older population from the population which was abruptly "thrown
in" after the First World War. The native inhabitants referred to these new settlers
as "newcomers", "carpet baggers," and "volunteers" because
they were arriving from various regions as rewarded Serbian volunteers. The newcomers
acted like privileged individuals in the Podunavlje territory to whom other people were to
be obedient. Nonetheless, it is necessary to follow these general observations in the
developments of Podunavlje from 1918 and onwards.
1. Numerous literary works have been written on
reasons for the alterations in the European national borders after the First World War and
the shaping of new states. The "punishment" of the Dual monarchy (Germany as
well) and the "rewards" for those who participated in "getting even
"with Italy, Germany, and The Austro-Hungarian empire, are discussed. However, it is
necessary to note that that there is a constant misunderstanding when written and
discussed on how Vojvodina is included in the new nation of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, and the Kingdom of Montenegro and Serbia. Yet, it was Backa, Baranja and
Srijem that joined the new nation. Any declaration of Vojvodina is not mentioned in any
documents because it was not a favorable name to the inhabitants. Memories of the Serbian
Vojvodina of the nineteenth century were still fresh, as well as memories of the behavior
of politicians who wished to reestablish the Serbian Vojvodina (Svetozar Miletic and
others ). It is also known that the mentioned district name was not even during before the
re-construction of the Kingdom of Slovenes, Croatians and Serbians in 1929. The
re-construction of the Dominion neglected Vojvodina, but the arranged Danube Dominion,
according to the political organization, is at a large scale, territorially, much more
In the events from 1918 to 1920, priests (Bl. Rajic, I. Budanovic, M. Catalinac, I.
Petres, P. Evetovic, I. Probojcevic, F. Pijukovic and others), lawyers (Stipan Vojnic
Tunic, I. Sudarevic, Stj. Matijevic, M. Matic and others), and some teachers ( M. Mandic,
M. Ispanovic, K. Romic and others) were mentioned it is necessary therefore to emphasise
that Croatian inhabitants in southern Hungary were peasants (farmers, land owners) with
few educated individuals. There was no reason why the Bunjevac-Sokac children could not be
educated but mistrust towards the government hindered the parents from registering their
children in schools ( in which Hungarian was taught). Nevertheless, when any Backa
Croatian would set off "to school," he would usually choose an independent
vocation or employment (priest, lawyer).2
Picture 1. Changing of the banovina borders in Srijem 1918-1945.
Peter Pekic reported the events in the autumn of 1918 in the book, The History of
Croatians in Vojvodina.3
Because at the at the time the young author was a witness to the events in Backa, his
reports should be reliable. Yet, Pekic euphorically approached the material and clumsily
gave an account of only fragments of the events that had occurred. Convinced that the line
of demarcation, Moris, Tisa, Horgos, Subotica, Baja, Pecuh and Barc, would be the final
state borders between Hungary and the new South Slavic state union, Pekic was bitterly
disappointed when his hometown of Gornji. St. Ivan was assigned to Hungary in the border
agreement. Pekic saved a list of participators in the meeting which was held on November
5, 1918, in the family home of Manojlovic in Subotica. Blasko Rajic, Dr. Josip Vojnic
Hajduk, Dr. Josip Prcic, Ilija Kujundzic, Lazar Orcic, Andrija Mazic, Gavro Covic and the
Serbians Marko Protic, Jovan Petrovic, Bogdan Svircevic, R. Miladinovic were in attendance
at this meeting. At the meeting, it was decided that the process of secession of the
territories of southern Hungary be led by Pucka kasina (Subotica).4 It is necessary to mention that the
meeting was held after the return of Blasko Rajic from the historical session of the
Croatian parliament in Zagreb (October 29, 1918.) The other Croatian delegates from Backa,
Dr. Mirko Ivkovic Ivandekic and Dr. Stjepan Vojnic Tunic, remained in Zagreb.
When discussing the proclamation and establishment of the new South Slavic nation, the
fact is that the process of historical events in Baranja and especially in Backa and
Banat, from November 1918 until June 1920, are frequently neglected. Until the signing of
the Trianon agreement, the direction of the so called northern border of the new state was
not guaranteed. There were numerous speculations, many schemes, and political games which
the Serbians, Nikola Pasic, Vasa Stajic, Dusan Popovic, Vitomir Kovac , Jasa Tomic and
others, were prominent.
Blasko Rajic, the priest and parish rector of St. Rok 5 was among one of the most
mentioned Croatian public officials who was actively working for the joining of parts of
Southern Hungary at the time with the new state. He was educated in Subotica and Kalaca.
In his youth, he decided to follow the national revival activities which Ivan Antunovic 6 had begun. Following the death of Pajo
Kujundzic (1915), Blasko Rajic took over the leading role amongst Croatian priests in
Backa. In a conversation about his activities, Rajic said to me: " I have always
wanted our people to have the same rights as the others in Backa: Germans,
Perhaps this is why sometimes in his statements, they have double meanings. Considering
that Rajic eagerly pointed out how Subotica and all of the territories to the Danube,
"have become part of the framework of the South Slavic state thanks to us," one
cannot discuss about the formation of the Kingdom of Slovenes, Croatians and Serbians
without mentioning and being acquainted with Rajic’s work.8
Pekic writes about the collaboration of the Backa Croatians with Zagreb in the summer
of 1918. He also mentions the secret meetings in Subotica at which the situation in the
Monarchy and the status of the Bunjevac-Sokac Croatians are discussed on the basis of
Wilson’s principles about " self-determination of the people".9 With respect to this, it is valid to
draw attention to "The resolution of independent Serbians and Croatians from Southern
Hungary" ,10 amended at
meetings held on 2.,24., and 25, October, 1918, by which The National Council of Slovenes,
Croatians and Serbians is recognized in Zagreb, as the complete and only "legal
authority" (competence) in resolving the question of Croatians and Serbians in
Southern Hungary.11 The
military overthrow of Austria-Hungary prompted and set in motion a series of violent
changes in Hungary ("unification of the National Work Party and the Constitutional
Party, proclamation of the Social Democratic Party of Hungary, gathered around Mihaly
Karoly, the foundation of the Hungarian National Council, the Autums revolution of the
"Roses")12 but a
series of meetings and agreements were set in motion as well in the family home of Alb
Malagurska (Subotica, Strossmayerova). The following were present: Alb and Jos Malagurski,
land-owners; Stipan Matijevic and Jovan Petrovic, lawyers; Josi Prcic law clerk; Vojislav
Stankovic, director of the Hrvatska zemaljska banka, Joso vojnic Hajduk; lawyer, Ivan
Vojnic Tunic, professor and a series of others. At the meeting, it was decided that
Subotica and the Subotica territory secede from Hungary.13
At the meeting, it was also decided that Blasko Rajic , the parish rector, go to Zagreb as
a representative on behalf of Subotica and its inhabitants. V. Stankovic informed Rajic of
the decision and Rajic accepted and prepared for the journey to Zagreb.14 The actual day that
Rajic and Radic personally met is not known. I was not able to discover for certain even
while Rajic was still alive. Most likely it occurred in the second half of November of
1918. Rajic was seven years younger than Radic, the leader who was well known even among
Croatian peasants. Therefore, Rajic was able to learn about the political and party life
in the years of the downfall of the Monarchy from Radic as well as the establishment of
the borders of the new national creation and South Slavic Union.
Rajic set off for Zagreb with the authority and with an identity card to work in the
National Council. He was present for the historical decisions at the Council from October
27 to 29, 1918. Other than the meeting with Stjepan Radic, Rajic met with Svetozar
Pribicevic, Srdjan Budisavljevic, Ivica Kovacevic, Cezar Alacic and a series of other
representatives and politicians. He stayed as a guest with the Archbishop Dr. Antun Bauer
at the archbishop’s residence.15
Radic’s opinion "about the incomprehensible and illogical" title of
Vojvodina instead of Backa and Baranja is well known.16
Nevertheless, the fact that Radic, at the end of 1918 and 1919, directed a series of young
people, primarily of free vocations to Backa where they wholeheartedly joined in the
social work of the Backa Croatians in Subotica, Sombor and other settlements, is unknown
to many of our scholars.17
Blasko Rajic returned to Subotica on November 2, 1918. Other fellow collaborators,
Mirko Ivkovic Ivandekic and Stipan Vojnic remained in Zagreb and until November 13
probably participated in the meeting of Backa Croatians and Serbians in Zagreb in the
National Council at which time Vasa Stajic became a member of the National Council.18
The return of Blasko Rajic befit the stormy events in the city and on the entire Backa
territory. The events in Budapest echoed in Subotica, where the supporters of the chapter
of the Independent Party (led by Sime Mukic) accepted the program of M. Karoly. Supporters
of the Territorial Civil Radical Party joined them as well. In cooperation with the
supporters of the Civil Radical Party, everyone met on the afternoon of October 30, 1918
(in S. Mukic’s apartment) and proclaimed the Hungarian National Council and organized
the Civil Guard.19
It was necessary to act quickly. On November 5, a meeting of Croatian and Serbian
leaders and the organized Civil Guard (altogether 354 men, including officers) was held.
Again, on November 10, a great national meeting (over 10,000 participants) was held, and
young Gavro Covic carried the Croatian flag to City Hall in a procession where he hung it
on a high tower.20
Other than in Subotica, a national council was organized in Sombor, Novi Sad, Baja and
There are notes and descriptions in daily newspapers and gazetts about the entrance of
the Serbian army in Backa and the occupying of territory marked by the line of
demarcation. Given that the Serbian army was entrusted with controlling the territory up
to the line of demarcation, the local authorities until that time in the Backa, Baranja
and Banat settlements were discussing the handing over of businesses to them.
Already on November 16, representatives of national councils from Backa, Banat, and
Baranja are invited to send their delegates to Novi Sad for a great national assembly on
November 25, 1918. Pekic, who we have mentioned, called it a "magnificent
assembly". The assembly took place in the room of the "Matica Srpska" where
late at night a Resolution the Secession of Backa, Banat and Baranja from Hungary was
proclaimed. According to Jovan Hranilovic’s statement, the decision should have stated
that the mentioned regions join with the South Slavic lands, and Jan Grunik, a Slovakian
delegate, stated on behalf of Slovakians that "Banat, Backa, and Srijem belong to the
Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian State."21 There are diverse opinions about the
assembly in Novi Sad.22
There is even a greater outrage in the wording of the resolution: Jasa Tomic, the
secretary at the meeting, and a Greater Serbian politician, added the word
"Serbia" without the authority or permission of the National Council.23 The Novi Sad Assembly
appointed B. Rajic and J. Tomic to present the decisions in Belgrade.
The entry of the Serbian army onto the territory marked by the line of demarcation, the
resolution in Novi Sad and the speeches in Belgrade on December 1, 1918 did not mean the
termination of the procedure for breaking away from Hungary. Peace was not signed with the
northern neighbor and news about political games worried the citizens. Not even the
behavior of the "liberators" allowed the inhabitants of Podunavlje to sleep
intellectuals (priests, lawyers) accomplished a great deal in their endeavors for all
territories within the line of demarcation to join with the new state.25 In this way, on January 15
1919, in Bereg (Backi Brijeg), Lajco Budanovic gathered several officials, Blasko Rajic,
Franjo Pijukovic, Matija Catalinac, Ivan Evetovic, for an agreement that a meeting be
improvised in every Croatian municipality. Their goal was to explain what was happening to
the people and that the people be made aware of the number of our people living in the
territories (as opposed to the number the Hungarians suggested). Meetings were held the
following few days in Gara, Cavolj, Gornji St. Ivan, Baja and telegrams were sent to Novi
Sad, asking for them to be sent on to Paris. The "National administration (Novi Sad)
did not send thent"26.
In February 1919, the Belgrade government invited the Baja rector Lajco Budanovic to
attend a peace conference in Paris and defend the interests of his people. Bubanovic did
not go to Paris, rather Blasko Rajic was sent in his place (March 14, 1919). The mission
was successful in that Subotica was "saved" but Baja and the territory around
Baja (Bajski Trokut) was lost. The endeavors of patriots to send a delegation to the Peace
Conference in Paris suggesting that a plebiscite be stipulated in the Baja triangle under
the supervision of the state were not successful. Despite the harmony and leave of the
military command, the great Backa district-prefect (appointed by the Belgrade government)
Kosta Bugarski forbid the plebiscite.27
There were a number of attempts to display the activities in Subotica (and elsewhere in
the Backa territory) as being "progressive", "revolutionary", and
However, from data which I was able to gather from families and daily newspapers 29, it appears that there were
indeed workers who participated in riots, but all in all, the combativeness of the
Hungarian irredente (or revanchism) prevailed.
It is valid to note the fact that the Croatian Party (Bunjevac-Sokac), founded on
September 15, 1920, held a great meeting (5000 people) on October 10, 1920, in which
participants asked for the autonomy of Backa, Baranja and Banat or, as some later
suggested of Vojvodina.30
This occurred three to four months after the signing of Trianon.
From 1918 to 1920, the years of the formation new state borders, Backa Croatians
strived to fit in their need to preserve their national identity into the political games.
2. We have mentioned the facts from 1918 when the national legal relations
between the Triune Kingdom and the Kingdom of Hungary and the Austrian Empire ceased to
exist. At that time, December 1, 1918, all South Slavic lands of the Austro-Hungarian
Monarchy, joined with the newly formed state of Croatians, Slovenes and Serbians. Backa
and Srijem were amongst those in the unified territories. On that day Croatia lost its
historical identity. In 1921, the Vidovdan Constitution was conceived which ensured the
greater Serbian predominance. That day the Belgrade authority celebrated the union of
everything Serbian. The other nations lost their individuality and freedom. The
Backo-Bodroska and the Srijem districts existed until 1922 when the new national community
was divided into six districts. And the Parts of the Croatian national territory remained
outside of its six mentioned districts: Medjimurje joined with the Maribor district,
Kastastina with the Ljubljana district, Istria was surrendered to Italy as a result of the
Rappal agreement and Boka Kotorska was joined with the Zeta District. One should keep in
mind that the Trianon agreement resulted in Backa being divided into two parts as was
Baranja. With respect to the ethnic principle, the joining of the Baja triangl and the
towns of Mohac, Pecuh and Baja with the newly formed state, was requested but this did not
occur, not in 1920, nor later in 1947.
With a peaceful and liberal disposition, and in concordance with Wilson’s principles,
the Croatians wanted to establish their own new life conditions with of economic success.
The first two years of life in the new national union, (until the elections on November
28, 1920), Croatians experienced Podunavlje as an idea with great possibilities in all
aspects. No one conceived that "our people would experience injustice which we cannot
and will not remain silent about". Party life in the new State union was complex
everywhere, thus combining the "victorious" behavior of Serbians, Hungarian
irredentism and Croatian patriotism was difficult even in Backa. The Bunjevac -Sokac
Party, under the leadership of Blasko Rajic endeavored to include itself in the rival
elections (representatives, Franjo sudarevic, Stipan Vojnic-Tomic and Ivan Evetovic).31 The same party endeavored to
come to an understanding with the Belgrade authorities (especially with the government of
Ljubo Davidovic 1924) but there was no improvement because the leadership was constantly
Nonetheless, it should be noted that on August 31, 1920, along with the above mentioned
people, who participated in the activities from 1918 to 1920 and onwards, the educational
association "Neven" was founded. Shortly afterwards, on December 4, 1920 the
Croatian Choral Association "Neven", whose conductor was a young lawyer, Dr.
Mihovil Katanec, was founded. Other associations became active as well: the Bunjevac
Men’s Dance Group (1920), the Croatian Academic Association "Antunovic"
(Subotica, 1924) Croatian Falcon (Subotica, 1925.), the Croatian Catholic Eagle (Subotica,
1922) and other associations and societies.32
Social, cultural, and educational life amongst the Backa Croatians were passed over to
young people who came to Backa immediately after the completion of the peace agreement.
They enthusiastically assisted and often led the social, cultural and educational life.
Mihovil Katanec, Dragan Mrljak, Matej Jankac, Marin Juras, I. Sercer and others were among
those who came to Subotica. Ladislav Vlasic, Vinko Zganec, I Skrabalo and others came to
I personally believe that those who were responsible for the activities in the cultural
life of Podunavlje Croatians during the years between the two wars were people who had
come from Zagreb generally from Croatia. They wanted to help with the strengthening of the
Croatian national consciousness and cultural life in general. I would like to mention a
series of statistics: in 1925, Croatians from Podunavlje formally celebrated the
thousandth anniversary of the Croatian Kingdom (Subotica, Sombor, Bac and others); in 1933
the Croatian Choral Association "Neven" toured Blagaj, Mostar, Dubrovnik,
Gospic, and Zagreb; in 1933 and 1934, "Matica suboticka" is established (L.
Budanovic); in 1936 the 250th anniversary of the arrival of a larger group of Croatians in
Backa is formally celebrated; the newspapers "Klasje nasih ravni", "Kolo
mladezi", and others are formed; in Zagreb, the Association of Backa Croatians is set
in motion and a number of expectations and ideas are set in motion and actualized. In the
stand against Orthodoxy and Serbianism, the people closed ranks, convinced that the
majority of Croatian districts would be joined with the mother country. (1939)
The Serbian leaders, influenced by the peaceful rewarding of the new territories which
had never previously been Serbian, neither historically nor constitutionally, very quickly
after the organization was complete, systematically changed the demographic picture of the
territories given to them. In Backa and in Srijem, new "volunteer" settlements
were established like rings over the strong Croatian and non-Serbian centers (Subotica,
Sombor, Sid, S. Mitrovica and others). New divisions of the state occurred in 1929 based
on the title and division law in which the state became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and was
thoughtfully divided into nine provinces. The historical, ethnic nor geographic whole was
not respected: Backa was included in the Danube province, while Srijem, an ancient
Croatian district was excluded from Croatian entirety and divided between the Drina and
Danube provinces. The notion of eastern Srijem was substantially filled with Serbianism.
This occurred in 1931, when western Srijem is returned to the Croatian Sava province and
eastern Srijem remained in the Danube province. Such a division, placed in the middle of
the Srijem territory was enforced as the eastern border of Croatia. Also, in attempt to
solve the Croatian problem with the establishment of the Province of Croatia, they
endeavored to include all Croatian lands in the new province, except the Croatian Baranja
and Backa regions. So, the Srijem districts of Ilok and Sid were included in the new
Picture 2. Demarcation of Croatia and Serbia after World War II.
1. border of Banovina Hrvatska in 1939; 2. current state border; 3 border suggestion
according in "Djilas Commision", 4.a) anexxed to Croatia after of the suggestion
of the "Djilas Commision", b) connected to Croatia in 1947 or 1948; 5. anexxed
3. Between 1941 and 1945, war was in effect on Croatian territory and the
Yugoslavian Communist Party was against the proclamation and establishment of the Croatian
State. Nevertheless, despite the Yugoslavianism in the ranks of the anti-Fascist units,
there pro Croatian politicians who believed in the solution of the position of the
Croatian people in a unified state ("Yugoslavianism" was very strictly imposed
during the war) which the Party viewed as a federal union. In 1942, the partisan
Yugoslavian leadership divided Croatian territory into operational zones (for more
successful organization and battles), in which Slavonia was a separate zone
"including Srijem to Belgrade". Srijem’s pertainment to the command of the
Partisan forces in Croatia (Slavonia) certainly influenced tthe fighting morale of the
Partisans in this great low-land.33
Until 1943, Srijem was considered an integral part of Croatia in communist decisions and
from then on, the Serbian desire to create and constitute Vojvodina as an equal autonomous
unit in the future federally arranged Yugoslavia is activated. It is officially explained
that the plan is in effect the arrangement of Backa, Banat, Baranja and Srijem into a
whole (the comparison of Serbian ideas about a Serbian Vojvodina, lasting shortly in the
middle of the nineteenth century has been imposed on historians). Before the end of the
war, borders between Croatia and the future Vojvodina were drawn at Vukovar, Vinkovci, and
Zupanja: the entire Zupanja District and the western part of the Vinkovac District, the
city included, as well as the western part of the Vukovar district, belonged to Croatia.
The eastern part of the Vukovar district belonged to the Srijem part of Vojvodina. -A
decision followed about the establishment of a military base for Backa, Banat and Baranja.
On April 6, 1945, the Principal National-liberation council of Vojvodina decided that the
territory join Serbia.35
Towards the end of the war in 1944 and 1945, the Srijem front was shaped. There were
precise maps which were not included in this work because any type of change with respect
to the name of the settlement was not noted. However, before the new shaping of
Vojvodina’s borders, (the principles changed constantly when it was necessary either
through historical principles, sometimes ethnical principles were used and, finally, they
even called for economical principles), very cruel ethnic cleansing was exercised on the
Backa and Srijem territory: the German population and its property
New inhabitants (war heroes), who needed to "fill" the Serbian national
minority, settled in these territories.37
4. Immediately after the Second World War, the controversial territories in Srijem
and Backa were brought up in the drawing up of borders between Croatia and Serbia. A
correction of the Trianon borders towards Hungary in the Baja triangle is also mentioned.38 Andrija Hebrang was
among the negotiators working on the behalf of Croatian rights. Juraj Andrassy, Milovan
Gavazzi, Vinko Zganec and others contributed to the cause with their knowledge and
education. Yet, the commissioners and leaders of the commission for the re-establishment
of borders were Rade Pribicevic and Milovan Djilas including also of the Yugoslav
Communists Party Milentija Popovic, Jovan Veselinov, Jasa Prodanovic and others. On June
19, 1945, it was decided that Jerko Zlataric become a member of the commission. The Djilas
Commission 39 decided
that Baranja pertain to the Croatian composition but the Srijem districts Vukovar, Ilok
and Sid, as well as northern Backa (the Subotica district and a greater part of the Sombor
district) still remained controversial. According to the Djilas Commission, the border
between Croatia and Vojvodina was to extend from the Hungarian border (the Baja triangle
was no longer mentioned), along the Danube River to the border between the town Backo Novo
Selo and Bukin (the Backa-Palanacka district), then along the Danube and between Opatovac,
Mohovo, Lovas, Bapska, Tovarnik, Sid, Podgradje, Adasevci, Lipovac, Strosinci, Morovic.
Thus, Mohovo, Bapska, the city of Sid, Ilinci, Mala Vasica, Batrovci, Morovic together
with counties of the mentioned settlements, belonged to Serbian Vojvodina.
At the beginning of 1946, the Yugoslavian Constitution was accepted. Then in 1947, the
administrative and territorial division of the national territories was completed. The
attempts of the Vojvodina politicians to change the borders towards Croatia (Bapska,
Novak, Jamena and the islands in Vukovar territory) were not successful. Nevertheless, by
observing the following events from 1918 to 1945 and the re-shaping of district and
territorial borders in the South Slavic state, it is not difficult to conclude that the
Croatian territory, in which Srijem was its inealiabel part, was decreasing in size.
Before the determining of the so called AVNOJ (Anti-Fascist National Liberation of
Yugoslavia) borders (1945-1947), a double principle was adopted. While historical,
geographical, economic, and especially ethnic principles were respected in the case of
Baranja and its union with its mother homeland, the ethnic structure (already
"filled" in 1918) was "decisive" in Srijem. The same principle was not
respected in the solving of the northwestern Backa (Subotica, Sombor, Apatin and other)
* * *
The tragedy of the unsolved borders between Croatia and Serbia was paid for at the time
of the collapse of the South Slavic state in 1990. Serbia first annexed Vojvodina as a
whole without any objection from the other republics. Then, Croatia accepted the status of
its borders as they were determined at that time (from 1945-1947). Nevertheless, warring
Serbians changed the borders temporarily during their endeavors to conquer and occupy
Srijem and Baranja. Apart from the inhuman pictures from the Srijem territory (Vukovar,
Kukujevci and other) and from Baranja, violent and inhumane changes in the composition of
the population occurred. The extent in banishment, persecution, and murder in Croatia from
1990 until today will never be known exactly.
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Prof. dr. Josip Vrbosic: Consitutional Affiliation of
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Sve obavijesti oknjigama mozete dobiti putem