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An International Symposium
"SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE 1918-1995"


Publisher: Croatian Heritage Foundation & Croatian Information Centre
For the Publisher: Ante Beljo
Expert Counsellor: Dr. sc. Dragutin Pavlicevic
Editor: Aleksander Ravlic
Graphic Design: Gorana Benic - Hudin
Printed by: TARGA
Copies Printed: 2000
ISBN 953-6525-05-4

IMPRESSUM

CONTENTS


 

 


FOOTNOTES

1 Dr. sc., reg. prof., Geography department of the Faculty of Sciences, Marulicev Trg 19111 Zagreb

2 The total territory belonging to the Crown of St. Stephen, that is, the Kingdom of Hungary and the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia, had an area of 325.411km2

3 Not including the territory encompassing settlements of the city of Zemun and village settlements which are today included in extended metropolitan area Belgrade.

4 A series of Slavic toponyms from the Danube region illustrate this: (by Sivac and Stapar- 1454: Cs. II 165.), Mazalac (near Doroslov - 1410: Cs. II, 157), Salanta (By Sond and Doroslov (1361:Cs II 161), Sond (Kniesza I. 1938, 423) etc.

5 The homogenous ethnic region of Hungarians in Banat spread to the south to the Vrsac- Zrenjanin border. Southern Banat is a region mixed with Hungarian and Slav citizens, similar to the Danube portion of Srijem (Kniezsa I., 1938).

6 This is referring to the territory of the counties during the Middle Ages: Backa (Bacs) Bodro and Congrad (Csongrad) which were, with the exception of gongrad, parallel to today's Backa territory. The southeastern part of Backa by Tisa from Mohola over Senta to Horgos and part of central Backa territory south of Subotica to the Danube-Tisa-Danube canal, territorially belonged to the Congrad County.

7 With regards to Srijem, a stronger Serbian immigration began in the l5th century, so that by the end of that period, they were the majority of the population, according to some sources (Szabo I., 1941).

8 Due to the Hungarian Revolution, under the leadership Ferenc Rakoczy at the beginning of the 18th century, the Austrian authorities forbid the settling of Hungarians until 1740. A similar prohibition continued until the end of the 18th century in Banat.

9 According to the population census during the reign of Emperor Josip II.

10 According to D. Kecic's data, 1972, 48.6% of large estates were owned by Hungarians, and 36.3% of large estates were owned by Germans, Jews, and Italians.

11 According to Serbian censuses, people with non-Hungarian surnames (viewed linguistically), were not allowed to declare themselves as Hungarians (according to D. Kirilovic, I. Nyigri, in K. Kocsis, 1995).

12 The occupier's crimes in Vojvodina, 1946, Book 1, Novi Sad.

13 With respect to this, the author used data compiled from the, research of two Roman Catholic priests (Marton Szucs and Jozesf Kovacs) who dedicated their final years to the innocent Hungarian victims of the autumn of 1944 and with the help of testimonies of the more lourageous believers..

14 The author of this work pointed out this in accuracy in a conversation with Mr. V. Zerjavic. During this conversation, the author presented Mr. V. Zerjavic with data form the 1941 population census in Backa and Baranja. For this reason, it is expected that MR. Zerjavic will include his own data in any eventual future works regarding losses for the Hungarian population due to the war.

15 Z. Stiperski - (1993) "German Migration in eastern Croatia, Backa and Srijem", Anthology for Slavonia - Srijem - Baranja - Backa, Zagreb.

16 ibid., p. 144

17 ibid.

18 According to B. Kocovic, in Z. Stiperskl work.

19 Data presented by K. Kocsis (1995), suggesting that only 16,800 Hungarians were killed in Backa, cannot be accepted as accurate due to the facts we have presented here.

20 From September 1945 until July 1947, 225, 696 citizens were colonized in Vojvodina, Baranja and Eastern Slavonia, from which 162,447 were Serbian, 40,176 were Montenegrin, 12,000 were Macedonian, 7,134 were Croatian, 2,091 were Slovenian, etc. ( K. Kocsis, 1995)

21 The municipalities of Subotica, Backa Topola, Becej, Ada, Kanjiza, Mali Idjos and Senta.


LITERATURE & SOURCES

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Gacesa N.L., 1968., Agrarna reforma i kolonizacija u Backoj, 1918.-1941., Matica Srpska, Novi Sad

Gacesa N.L., 1972., Agrarna reforma i kolonizacija u Banatu, 1918.-1941., Matica Srpska, Novi Sad

Gacesa N.L., 1975., Agrarna reforma i kolonizacija u Sremu, 1918.-1941., Matica Srpska, Novi Sad

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Zuljic S., 1989., Narodnosna struktura Jugoslavije, Ekonomski Institut, Zagreb


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