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15.travnja 2019.
107.GODINA OD POTONUĆA TITANIKA
Na tonućem Titaniku bilo je trideset Hrvata

Titanik

Na današnji dan , 15. travnja 1912. potonuo je brod Titanik. U spašavanju putnika s tonućeg broda bili su pomorci s borada Carpathia koji se u vrijeme sudara Titanika sa santom leda našao najbiliže katastrofi spasio je 712 putnika i članova posade. Među njima i troje od 30 Hrvata koliko ih je bilo na Titanicu. Manje je poznato da je Carphatia plovila iz New Yorka prema Rijeci .

Prema svjedočenju preživjelih na brodu je bilo i Hrvata, svećenik i benediktinac Josip Perušić stradao je jer je svoje mjesto u čamcu za spašavanje ustupiio jednoj ženi s djetetom. Josip Perušić je onaj svećenik koji se u završnoj sceni snimljenog filma -Titanic moli okružen putnicima hrabreći i dajući nadu ljudima koji su s tonučim brodom nepovratno odlazili u dubine ledenog Atlantskog oceana.


Osim Perušića na Titanicu se našlo još 30 Hrvata, a potonuće je preživjelo samo troje. Najviše Hrvata bili su Ličani iz okolice Gospića, te jedna grupa iz Čazme, Crikvenice i okolice Siska. Svi su oni bili u trećem razredu gdje je bilo najviše putnika – 709.
Među 1.517 osoba koje su završile život u hladnim dubinama Atlantskog oceana bio je i benediktinac o. Josip Perušić (Josef Peruschitz), o čemu svjedoči i spomen-ploča u bavarskome benediktinskom samostanu u Scheyeru. Na latinskome jeziku stoji da se o. Joseph Peruschitz 14. travnja 1912. u svojoj 42. godini života na brodu Titanik žrtvovao za ljude.


Josip Perušič

Josip Perušić

O. Josip (krsnim imenom Benedikt) Perušić rođen je u obitelji šestero djece 21. ožujka 1871. u Straßlachu u blizini Munchena, gdje su se njegovi roditelji Matija i Elizabeta nastanili nakon dolaska iz Hrvatske (Austro-Ugarske). Osnovnu je školu završio u Dorferu, gimnaziju u Freisingu, a nakon filozofskog i teološkog studija 1894. stupio je u benediktinsku opatiju “Svetoga križa” u Scheyeru. Godinu dana kasnije, 28. travnja, zaređen je za svećenika. Uz pastoralne i redovničke obveze u tamošnjoj je samostanskoj školi predavao matematiku, fiziku i glazbu.

Odazvao se pozivu poglavara da njemački benediktinci pomognu otvaranju samostanskih škola u Americi te se tako ukrcao na Titanik 10. travnja 1912. s još jednim redovničkim subratom iz Engleske, o. Bylesom. Nakon sudara s golemom santom leda počela je voda prodirati u unutrašnjost broda, i ubrzo je bilo jasno da će brod potonuti.

Nakon što je započelo ukrcavanje u čamce za spašavanje i o. Perušiću je bilo ponuđeno mjesto u jednome od njih, no on je to odbio. Preživjeli su kasnije posvjedočili da je mjesto ustupio jednoj ženi sa sinčićem govoreći da je dužan dati život za bližnjeg. Tako je ovaj katolički svećenik, poput Maksimilijana Kolbea i tisuća drugih, svjesnom žrtvom zapečatio ovozemaljski život ispovijedajući na taj način u punini kršćansku vjeru koju je baštinio od svojih otaca (Izvor: narod.hr)



HRVATI KOJI SU BILI NA TITANICU


Osobe koje su izgubile život

IZ HRVATSKE 

Čačić Jago/Grga, 18, single, Široka Kula, destination South Chicago, Illinois.
Čačić, Luka, 38, married, Široka Kula, destination South Chicago, Illinois.
Čačić, Manda, 21, single, Široka Kula, destination South Chicago, Illinois.
Čačić, Marija, 30, single, Široka Kula, destination South Chicago, Illinois.
Čalić, Jovo, 17, single, Breznik, destination Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. 
Čalić, Petar, 17, single, Brezik, destination Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.
Čor, Bartol, 35, married, Kričina, destination Great Falls, Montana.
Čor, Ivan, 27, married, Kričina, destination Great Falls, Montana.
Čor, Ljudevit, 19, married, Kričina, destination St. Louis, Missouri.
Čulumović, Joso, 17, single, Lipova Glavica, destination Hammond, Indiana. (He boarded under his   "calling-name" of Ećimović.)
Dakić, Branko, 19, Gornji Miholjac, destination unknown.  His body, even if found, was never           identified. 
Dika, Mirko, 17, single, Podgora (Crikvenica?), destination Vancouver, Canada.
Dimić, Jovan, 42, married, Ostrovica, destination Red Lodge, Montana. 
Draženović, Josip, 33, married, Hrastelnica, destination New York, NY. His body was recovered by  theMacKay Bennett (#51) and was buried at sea on 21 April 1912. “Pipe bowl, passport, set of beads [rosary], $25.00 and 5 krones” were found on his body. (At another place it is stated that his age was 30.)
Hendeković, Ignjac, 28, married, Vagovina, destination Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.  He traveled with    Matilda Petranec.  His body was recovered by the MacKay Bennett (#306) and buried at Mount Olivet Roman Catholic Cemetery, Halifax, NS on May 10, 1912.  “One knife, purse with $12 in notes; small purse with 72 cents; two third class tickets, No. 349245 for Matilda Petram (Petranec) and No. 349243 for Toznai!! Hendeković” were found on his body.

Karajić, Milan, 30, married, Vagovina, destination Youngstown, Ohio. 
Orešković, Jelka, 23, single, Konjsko Brdo, destination South Chicago, Illinois. (Boarded together      with her relatives Luka and Marija Orešković.) 
Orešković, Marija, 20, single, Konjsko Brdo, destination South Chicago, Illinois. (Boarded together   with her relatives Luka and Jelka Orešković.  Marija's mother received a grant of £50 from the     Mansion House Titanic Relief Fund.
Orešković, Luka, 20, married, Konjsko Brdo, destination South Chicago, Illinois. (Boarded together with Marija and Jelka Orešković.)
Pavlović, Štefo, 32, married, Vagovina, destination Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 
Petranec, Matilda, 28, widow, Vagovina, destination Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. (Boarded with Ignjac     Hendeković.  Her ticket was found on the body of Mr Hendeković.
Pocrnić, Mate, 17, single, Bukovac, destination South Chicago, Illinois.  (Sometimes listed as "Pacruic", "Pecruic" i "Pokrnic".)
Pocrnić, Tomo, 24, married, Bukovac, destination South Chicago, Illinois.  (Sometimes listed as          "Pacruic", "Pecruic" i "Pokrnic".)
Smiljanić, Mile, 37, Pisač near Udbina, destination unknown.  His body, even if found, was never       identified. 
Stanković, Ivan, 33, single, Galgovo, destination New York, NY.  Some sources on the web claim that    Stanković was in America previously.  Supposedly, after the death of his wife he returned to take care of some legal matters dealing with her inheritance, and on the way back he lost his life.
Strilić, Ivan, 27, married, Široka Kula, destination South Chicago, Illinois.
Turčin, Stjepan, 36, married, Bratina, destination Youngstown, Ohio.

To this above list we are adding also the name of a Benedictine priest, Josip Perušić (Josef Peruschitz), born in 1871, Bavaria, Germany, but who was of Croatian heritage.  He was on the way to assume the position of a principal in a Catholic High School in Minnesota.  Survivors of the Titanic tragedy witnessed how he refused to enter a safety boat in order to give others the chance to save their lives. 



Osobe koje su izgubile život
IZ BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE


Bakić, Kerim, 26, married, Bakić, destination Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 
Bakić, Tido?, 38, married, Bakić, Bosnia, destination Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. (Mr Bakić's last name     is often written as Rekić or Kekić, but most probably it is Bakić.)
Sivić, Husein, 40, married, Bakić, destination Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. (Sometimes listed as "Husen   Sivic".)
The bodies of the above passengers from Bosnia, even if recovered, were never identified.


HRVATI KOJI SU PREŽIVJELI BRODOLOM


Ivan Jalševac, age 29, from Topolovac.  He was married to Kata, who stayed behind in his native village.  He was on his way to New York, NY.  After he was rescued, however, he traveled to Galesburg, Illinois, where he had a friend, Franjo Karun.  Later, he returned to Croatia and died in 1945, according to some sources.

Nikola Lulić was born on February 24, 1883 in the village of Konjsko Brdo, Lika, Croatia.  In 1902, while serving in the Austrian Army, he deserted and immigrated to America.  He went to Chisholm, Minnesota and worked as a miner in the "Alpena Mine".  In autumn 1911, he came back to Croatia for half a year to visit his family.  At this time, he was already married for the second time.  His second wife, Marta, and his two children lived in Croatia at the time.  When it was time to go back to America he served as an unofficial companion to other immigrants who paid his ticket.  He helped them with translation and advised them of what to expect during the voyage and after their arrival in America.  He boarded the Titanic at Southampton and was on the way to Minnesota.  Mr Lulic survived the sinking and was rescued by theCarpathia.
After arriving in New York, Lulić went to his uncle Ross Rosinić at 118 Tocence (Torrence?) Avenue, Chicago, Illinois.  His Americanized name was "Nicola Lulich".  After the First World War, Lulić returned to Croatia and earned his living as a farmer, but sometimes he also worked in France as a seasonal worker between the two World Wars. 
His wife Marta died long before he did, so he alone had to look after the children of his two marriages.  In his older days, he secluded himself more and more from his fellow villagers of Konjsko Brdo.  Nikola Lulić died in 1962 in Perušić, at the age of 79, in the house of his youngest daughter Mara.  (Milan Gnjatović, in his poem Potonuće broda Titanica - Narodna američka Pjesmarica. St. Louis: Ivan Sikočan, 1913, lists his name as Nikola Lukić, but it should have been Lulić.)

Mara Osman, age 31, married, from Vagovina, Croatia, boarded the Titanic at Southampton and she was going to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.  She was rescued by the Carpathia.  After arriving in New York (June 18, 1912), she went to her sister, Mrs. Rudolph Paulovich, at Steelton, Pennsylvania.  (The Immigration Officer incorrectly lists her as single woman and her nationality as Polish.  She is also listed sometimes as "Maria Osman".  Gnjatović, in his above mentioned poem, lists her as one of the three Croatian survivors.)
Some sources tell us that she was born in 1881 and she married Miško Banski in 1904.  They had a son, Franjo. (Other sources state that they had three sons.)  Whatever the case, it seems that she left her husband and went to America, traveling under her maiden name, Osman.  Later, her son Franjo joined her in the US and he died in California in 1980.  Mara eventually remarried and, supposedly, she died in Wisconsin in 1938.  Details about her life in America are not know to us.
(izvor Ante Čuvalo, cuvalo.hr)

Titanic potonuo na svom prvom putovanju

Titanik je potonuo je na svom prvom putovanju prema New Yorku nakon što je na Atlantiku udario u santu leda i prepolovio se. Nakon sudara poslao je poziv u pomoć, a prvi brod koji je stigao u pomoć bila je Carpathia. Od 2.223 putnika i članova posade preživjelo ih je samo 706. Poginulo je ili se utopilo 1.517, od čega 1.360 muškaraca i 157 žena i djece. 

Na svoje prvo, a pokazat će se i posljednje putovanje, Titanic je krenuo 10. travnja 1912. godine iz engleske luke Southamptona. Ispratilo ga je mnoštvo predstavnika medija, a filmski magazini zabilježili su isplovljavanje najvećeg i, govorilo se, najsigurnijeg putničkog broda svoje ere. Golemi brod dužine 269 i visine 31,7 metara s 11 paluba, snage 46 tisuća KS i tada velike brzine od 23 čvora. 

Nova teorija o potonuću

Titanic je potonuo dva sata i 40 minuta nakon udara, no niti nakon otkrivanja njegove olupine 1985. godine nije posve jasno zašto je nepotopiv brod potonuo za tako kratko vrijeme. Prema nedavnom istraživanju, koje je objavljeno u knjizi Zašto je zapravo potonuo Titanic, taj brod ne bi potonuo tako brzo i lako da brodogradilište nije štedjelo na kvaliteti materijala od kojega ga je gradilo, posebice čelika. Zato su stijenke 46 tisuća tona teškog broda vrlo lako prsnule pri sudaru s ledenjakom. 

hic.hr
foto:weekimedia





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